Alanine - Alanine is a non-essential amino acid that makes it possible for the body convert the simple sugar glucose into energy and helps eliminate excess toxins from the liver.
Arganine - This semi-essential amino acid plays several roles in the body, such as in wound healing, removing excess ammonia from the body, stimulating immune function, and promoting secretion of certain hormones, including glucagon, insulin, and growth hormone. Severe burns, infections, and injuries can decrease the body's supply of arginine.
Aspartic Acid - Aspartic acid is believed to help promote a robust metabolism and is generally used to help treat fatigue and depression. Recent studies demonstrate that Aspartic Acid can also improve resistance to fatigue and increase endurance, thus significantly helping people from experiencing chronic fatigue syndrome.
Carnitine - Carnitine (non-essential) is a very popular and remarkably effective weight loss supplement and fat burner. Clinical studies have repeatedly demonstrated that L-Carnitine supplementation also effectively reduces fatigue, increases energy and activity, and promotes cardiac health.
Carnosine - (non-essential) Carnosine is found in relatively high concentrations in several body tissues, most notably in skeletal muscle, skin, kidneys, stomach, heart muscle, nerve tissue and brain. The exact biological role of carnosine is not yet completely understood, but many studies have proven that carnosine has powerful antioxidant benefits. Carnosine may also function as a neurotransmitter (chemical messenger in the nervous system). Carnosine has been called a longevity nutrient since laboratory studies on tissues indicate that it can delay senescence and stimulate cellular rejuvenation in cultured human fibroblasts. For this reason, carnosine has been touted as the anti-aging and anti-oxidant dipeptide.
Cystein - L-cysteine is essential for T-cell production and immune system activation. Aside from being a component of human hair, L-cysteine is also a component of the hormone insulin.dietary supplementation may be needed if physical demands on the body (physical exercise, stress, etc.) become too much.
Cystine - (A close relative to Cystein) is a sulfur-containing amino acid that helps form healthy skin, hair, bones, and connective tissue. It is also required to make glutathione, one of the natural antioxidants that fight free-radical damage (glutathione detoxifies the liver).
Gamma Aminobutyric Acid GABA - GABA (non-essential) has been used in treating clinical depression, manic-depressive (bipolar) disorder, seizures, premenstrual dysphoric (feeling depressed) disorder, and anxiety. As an inhibitory neurotransmitter that blocks the transmission of an impulse from one cell to another in the central nervous system, GABA also serves in improving sleep cycles which yields to more restful sleeping and better health. GABA also has powerful stabilizing effects on blood pressure, and is a very effective analgesic, eliminating pain from chronic conditions such as arthritis and lower back pain.
Glutmic Acid - (non-essential) helps to correct personality disorders and is useful in treating childhood behavioral disorders. It is used in the treatment of epilepsy, mental retardation, muscular dystrophy, ulcers, and hypoglycemic coma, a complication of insulin treatment for diabetes.
Glutamine - (non-essential) It is considered by some to be nature's "Brain food" by improving mental capacities; and is used in the treatment of depression, fatigue, alcoholism, epilepsy, muscular dystrophy, mental retardation, and schizophrenia.
Glutathione - (tripeptide) it protects your vision, boosts your immune system, helps turn carbohydrates into energy, and prevents the buildup of oxidized fats that may contribute to atherosclerosis and also appears to have an anti-aging affect on the body. As levels decline with age, and a lack of glutathione has been shown to leave the body more vulnerable to damage by free radicals, thus speeding up oxidation (wearing down) of the body.
Glycine - (non-essential) Recent research and clinical trials have shown that the amino acid Glycine is of paramount importance for central nervous system function as it can help inhibit the neurotransmitters that cause seizure activity, hyperactivity, and manic (bipolar) depression.
Hisidine - (semi-essential) is required for the growth and repair of tissue, as well as the maintenance of the myelin sheaths that act as shield for nerve cells. Histidine is also important to normal sexual functioning, because it gets converted into histamine, a chemical needed to stimulate sexual arousal. When consumed in conjunction with vitamin B3 (niacin) and vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), histidine can enhance sexual pleasure by boosting histamine levels in the body.
Isoleucine - (essential) is primarily used to help improve endurance, speed up healing and repair of muscle tissue, as well as stimulate clotting at the site of injury.
Leucine - (essential branch chained amino acid) Leucine functions best with the amino acids isoleucine and valine in repairing muscles, regulating blood sugar, and providing the body with energy. It also improves and stimulates production of growth hormones, and helps burn visceral fat, adipose tissue located in the deepest layers of the body which are least responsive to dieting and exercise.
Lysine - (essential) Lysine is an essential building block for all protein, and is needed for proper growth and bone development in children. It helps in the absorption of calcium and also maintains the correct nitrogen balance in the body to prevent obesity. Furthermore it is necessary to produce antibodies, hormones, enzymes, collagen formation as well as repair of tissue. It is also essential for patients recovering from injuries and recovery after operations in helping them avert muscle wasting or atrophy as Lysine helps in the building of muscle proteins. Lysine is also well known for its antiviral properties. It is beneficial in fighting herpes and cold sores and is also one of the major ingredients of the Pauling Therapy for heart health.
Methionine - (essential) is an amino acid that is beneficial in reducing the toxicity of radiation. It also helps speed healing wounds after a surgical operation. L-Methionine also helps regulate the availability of folic acid, which is necessary during pregnancy. Other benefits of L-Methionine include its use in treating clinical depression, liver disease, alcoholism as well as reducing asthma symptoms.
Ornithine - (non-essential) is crucial since it triggers the release of growth hormone in the body, which in turn helps with fat metabolism. It is further necessary for a properly functioning immune system and liver and helps in ammonia detoxification and liver rejuvenation. It is also beneficial in healing and repairing skin and tissue and is found in both of these body parts. Ornithine assists in the elimination of toxic ammonia from the liver, and may reduce the effects of cirrhosis of the liver and disorders associated with liver malfunction.
Phenylalanine - (essential) When taken as directed by your health practice professional or physician, L-Phenylalanine may be helpful in alleviating symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, depression, menstrual cramps, migraines, obesity, Parkinson's disease, and schizophrenia. Many people that take L-Phenylalanine also find it helpful for elevating their mood, reducing stress, decreasing pain, improving memory and learning, and enhancing cognitive function. Aside from functioning as an analgesic that has been shown to decrease back pain, toothaches, and pain associated with migraine headaches. Phenylalanine also acts as an appetite suppressant by administrating the release of an intestinal hormone that signals the brain to feel satiated after eating.
Proline - (non-esential) Plays an important role in the synthesis of collagen, the most abundant protein in human body. Collagen is the principal protein and building block for the construction of all human connective tissues including skin, tendons, ligaments, cartilage, joints, bone, as well as blood vessels, arteries, veins, and lymph vessels. Supplementation with L-Proline can significantly improve the body's ability to synthesize vitally important connective tissues that can often fall into disrepair as we age. L-Proline can be a very beneficial supplement for individuals suffering from joint and connective tissue problems and is a major component of the Pauling Therapy for heart health.
Serine - (non-essential) It is vital in the production of immunoglobulins and antibodies, and is an integral component of brain proteins and nerve sheaths. It is thus important in the production of cell membranes, as well as in muscle tissue synthesis.
Taurine - (semi-essential) Taurine may be beneficial in treating congestive heart failure, cardiovascular diseases, hypercholesterolemia, epilepsy and other seizure disorders, macular degeneration, Alzheimer's disease, hepatic disorders, alcoholism, and cystic fibrosis.
Threonine - (essential) It is necessary for the formation of tooth enamel and elastin and collagen which are needed for both healthy skin and wound healing, it also supports cardiovascular, liver, central nervous, and immune system function.
Tyrosine - (non-essential) has been used as a therapeutic supplement for those with phenylketonuria, depression, Parkinson's disease, and those who want to improve their memory. Tyrosine supplementation may be used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, because tyrosine can make l-dopa which is used directly to treat Parkinson's disease. Several studies have also indicated that L-Tyrosine benefits people with Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, and dementia. Tyrosine and tryptophan have been used successfully in the treatment of cocaine abuse.
Valine - (essential) needed for muscle metabolism, tissue repair, and the maintenance of a proper nitrogen balance in the body. As one of the branched-chain amino acids found in high concentrations in muscle tissue, this means it can be used as an energy source by muscles, and in doing so preserves the use of glucose. Also, it may prove useful in treating liver and gallbladder disease, and it can correct the type of severe amino acid deficiencies that can be caused by drug addiction.